silver maple (Acer saccharinum)
Sapindaceae, the soapberry family*
(*Aceraceae in older manuals)
How to recognize silver maple. Maples have leaves that are opposite in arrangement, usually simple in complexity, with lobed margins. The paired winged one-seeded fruits (samaras) are distinctive maple traits. Maples fall into two categories based on the hardness of their wood. The so-called “soft maples,” of which silver maple and red maple are examples, have serrate (toothed) lobe margins. Silver maple, Acer saccharinum, with its serrate leaf margins is a soft maple.
Flowers and fruits. Silver maple flowers, being wind-pollinated, are individually small, and lack petals. They can nonetheless be conspicuous during their late March to early April blooming period, because they are borne in plump and dense red clusters at the tips of many or most branches. At this time many people report that their silver maples as being “in bud” when they are actually fully flowering.
The flowers are unisexual–either staminate (male) or pistillate (female)–as are the trees themselves. i.e. the species is dioecious. Below see the two types of flowers–male on the left; female on right.
Silver maple is one of those messy trees that a lot of stuff falls of that aren’t just leaves. Here are shed staminate flowers on a city street in the 3rd week of April, 2009.
Silver maple samaras are produced in the spring, about when the leaves are emerging. They are distinctive: large, sickle-shaped, and spreading apart at an acute angle, formikng a “V” shape.
It’s not just the flowers that are the great American messathon. Check out these fruits all over the ground! This was on May 10, 2008.
Bark. The bark of older trees is grayish and shreds of in flakes, leaving brown spots.
These trees can be huuuuge. Here’s one with the kid, when she was a kid.
In the winter. Silver maple buds are round, scaly, and clustered. As mentioned by Braun (see below) the twigs have distinctive upward curve.
Where to find silver maple. E. Lucy Braun, in The Woody Plants of Ohio (1961, 1989; The Ohio State University Press) tell us that this species is “A large tree of stream banks and alluvial forests, usually subjected to flooding; fast-growing, and commonly planted as a street tree. The largest Ohio tree of this species, 24 ft. 2 in. in circumference 41/2 feet above the ground, was found by Karl Maslowki near Utopia, Clermont Co., close to the Ohio River. More yellow in flower than red maple, and wutrhg large green samaras becomming straw-colored; leaves turning dull yellow in aautumn, rarely with some red coloratrion. In winter condition, the upward curve of the twigs is distinctive. This species ands red maple are sometimes cslled soft maple.”
Scanned Image from an Old Book
(Flora of West Virginia, by P.D. Strausbaugh and Earl L. Core)
Oooh, ooh! I have a question!
Picture yourself standing at the Lowe’s lumber section faced with the choice of “soft maple” or “hard maple” for your woodwork project. What’s up with this designation? I thought all maples are “hardwoods” relative to conifers?
“Hard maple” and “soft maple” are not maple species, but the terminology rather refers to the quality of a maple tree’s wood. Silver and red maples grow relatively faster than sugar maples and so their growth rings are further apart making their wood less dense (i.e. “soft”). The opposite is true of sugar maples, whose growth rings are closer together making the wood more dense (i.e. “hard”). Silver and red maple wood is thus easier to work with and suitable for making fine furniture, while sugar maple wood is selected when strength is of utmost importance, like flooring or kitchen counter tops.